If a syntrophos did exceptionally well in training, he might be sponsored to become a Spartiate himself. Although the kings could declare war, the kings held little rule over Sparta. The duties of the kings were primarily , judicial, and. Sparta was the only Greek city-state to introduce a land reform dividing land equally among citizens. This requirement caused the number of citizens usually to not exceed six or seven thousand at any time. Without proper , you may see.
The conquered inhabitants were turned into helots people who worked their masters lands, something like serfs during the middle ages These helots were extremely hostile towards their … Spartan Masters and out numbered them some accounts put the ration at 10:1 , Thus Sparta was like a camp in the middle of a hostile population like an American military outpost in the heart of Baghdad. Elders were inviolable and were not responsible for their actions before the law. However, their power was not as enduring as that of the monarchs or the Gerousia, because the ephors were elected for only one year and could not be re-elected. The Gerousia was later recognized the power to indict and convict king. The Spartan Constitution Spartan Warrior Sparta was not a democracy. Because one vote could block a voting, soon it was introduced to the system of voting divisions depending whether the members were for or against a proposal they moved to the agreed position.
This was done through a series of councils, each of which had a fair amount of power in the city's government. They prepared and presented proposals for the vote of the assembly. Helen was said to have been the most beautiful woman in Greece and Spartan in general enjoyed a reputation not only for good looks but also spirited independence. There were some dicey bits for adults aged 20-30 or so trying to form romantic attachments; that was highly constrained by the armed-camp system. Intermediary between the helots and the perioikoi were the liberated helots or neodamōdeis.
Athens, the greatest power of the age, very foolishly started a war with Sparta. In particular there is reason to believe that a substantial number of women and men citizens could read and probably almost all of the Ephors, Gerontes, and Kings. However, Aristotle argued that this encouraged a degree of corruption in Sparta. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1962. That was chosen, on each occasion, by the people — so the co-kings couldn't get too nasty, since they had to compete with each other for the favor of the people. Dating from the period of the Persian wars, the king lost the right to , and was accompanied in the field by two ephors. Athens economy was dependent more upon trade.
Due to the unrivaled transparency of the voting, that would be impossible to do without being obvious. Apella elected ephores, elders and lower state officials. Lycurgus had conceived also political institutions, established after consulting with the Delphic oracle. Boring: Literacy in Ancient Sparta, E. The most important imports were metals. Others believe that it points to a compromise arrived at to end the struggle between two families or. Sparta had a bicameral legislature, divided into the Assembly and the Council of Elders.
It described how Sparta would be governed and who had the power in the Spartan society. Apella was initially summoned and presided by kings, but from the 5th century. The girls stayed home and learned skills from there mothers to teach to their children so the next generation would know how to fight. They prepared and presented proposals for the vote of theassembly. So you can imagine why the Spartans were the most feared in battle; the whole damn country was an armed camp to the max designed to keep the Helots subjugated. There are known to have been some occasions in which any Helot with enough money was allowed to purchase their freedom from the state.
First was the gerousia, a council of 28 elders who served for life. Every Spartan woman was a queen, and her purpose was to bear as many healthy Spartan children as possible. The two kings inherited their positions and they both shared equal powers. This magistracy has authority in the highest matters, but the Ephors are chosen from the whole people, and so the office is apt to fall into the hands of very poor men, who, being badly off, are open to bribes. Apella was held over the slopes of the Taygetus, where was a good acoustics and shelter from the wind. These were the elders who turned 60 years old elected was for life, and later their mandate reduced to one year.
This caused the number of Citizens to decline very slowly over the centuries. All men over the age of 18 were were born in Athens were citizens - women and slaves were not allowed to be citizens. Sparta did not have a coin system because of the division in social class in Greece, instead they traded in Iron Bars. They advised and checked the kings, controlled the Krypteia, watched for divine signs about the kings rule, supervised the life of the people and called the assembly. They were the supreme commanders of the army. But there are some elements of the Spartan government that are very similar to modern democracies like the United States. The ephors had the power to put the kings on trial and possibly impeach him if found guilty.
There was also an assembly of the Spartiate which consisted of Spartan males, was run democratically, and could veto or approve the decisions made by the Council. Diarchy Yes, Sparta had two Kings! It was part kingdom, part democracy, and part aristocracy. On the other hand, Sparta's government at its peak never was as democratic as Athens at its. We therefore have no way of dating the Spartan revolution with certainty. Assembly elected 5 ephores in whose hands was executive authority convening the meeting itself and the management of its operations. Economy Ancient Dependent on trade and agriculture Dependent on agriculture Culture Ancient Forward looking Laid back Military not as military based, as military service was optional mandatory military service Outlook Ancient Democratic Oligarchic Ancestry Ionian Descent Descendants of the Dorian invaders girls education no yes About Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world.
The kings were also priests of Zeus and they sat on the council of elders known as the gerousia. Modern have advanced various to account for the anomaly. Editorial Review This Article has been reviewed for accuracy, reliability and adherence to academic standards prior to publication. In Sparta, women had rights that other Greek women did not have. For example, Sparta had something very similar to our Constitution. He proposed cancelling all debts and redistributing all land in parts to 4500 citizens and 15000 Perioikoi. Some eighty years after the , according to the traditional chronology, from the north took place and eventually led to the rise of classical Sparta — famous as a martial power, foe of the Persian Empire, and eventual conqueror of Athens.