Salves were first introduced to the area by a Dutch warship that traded them for food and supplies in 1619. What colony had the most people by 1700? Western Africa and later, Central Africa became a prime source for Europeans to acquire enslaved peoples, to meet the desire for free labor in the American colonies, and to produce a steady supply of profitable cash crops. Georgia was set up for two primary reasons: as a military buffer against the Spaniards in Florida and as a social experiment. These differences included population, religion, and economy. And of course it did not help that, since tobacco prices were unstable from the , there was a prolonged.
Many, many species of fish, crustaceans, shell fish, amphibians, and other assorted salt water species live in the Chesapeake Bay. Many other ways of life were established in each of… 1584 Words 7 Pages The Chesapeake region and New England colonies greatly differed in their development of their two distinct societies. Unlike American Indians, Africans had a limited natural immunity to yellow fever and malaria; however, malnutrition, poor housing, inadequate clothing allowances, and overwork contributed to a high mortality rate which further increased the demand for the importation of Africans to replenish the labor supply. To cultivate tobacco, planters brought in large numbers of English workers, mostly young men who came as indentured servants. In general, as children grew older their life expectancy continued to increase with age.
This fact, combined with the high mortality rate from disease—malaria, dysentery, and typhoid—slowed population growth considerably. In contrast to the high mortality rates of the Caribbean sugar plantations, North American slave populations tended to live longer. For example, the death rates of Charles Parish, Virginia demonstrate these facts: Smith 413 The high death rates for children aged 1-4 in comparison to those aged 0-1 seems quite puzzling at first. Pennsylvania grew rapidly because it was the best advertised of all the colonies and no restrictions were placed on immigration to the colony. Official business, worship, and trade often took place at isolated courthouses or churches located at the intersection of roads.
The New England community was so strong and so supportive in comparison to that of the Chesapeake Bay, that it is no wonder they developed into two distinctly different cultures before the year 1700. The average number of births in a family was eight, with six children surviving to adulthood. A People and a Nation. The religious tone was low, and many people did not participate in the church. Founding principles, political differences, religion, and societal separations would be the cause for the difference in development between the Chesapeake and the New England colonies. Many slaves tried to escape from their owners but very few succeeded. Due to friction between the governors, North and South Carolina were officially separated into two colonies in 1712.
Finally, at the top of the social ladder stood old, wealthy English families, clergymen, magistrates and large land holders in America. England in particular sent out numerous groups to the eastern coast of North America to two regions. Both the Chesapeake and the New England colonies had different mentalities when it cameto their reason for emigrating. When his father died, Penn inherited a large estate, including a claim for £16,000 his father had loaned the King. Yet servants were not a completely ideal labor source.
Both sides rarely talked to each other about the same things due to the fact on how they were different from the beginning, because of this 803 Words 4 Pages Differences Between New England and the Chesapeake regions Although the English settled into both the Chesapeake and New England regions, they had formed into two completely opposite communities. One of the first proprietary colonies, or colonies owned by an individual instead of a joint-stock company, was the Chesapeake colony of Maryland, granted by Charles I to Sir George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore. For the colony to expand the need for all sorts of labor became evident. These innovations increased the efficiency and profitability of cultivation. But the largest population growth came from the importation of slaves from Africa so that tobacco harvest could be increased to enrich the company investors.
In contrast to the small towns of New England and the cities of the middle-Atlantic, the character of the South was rural from the outset. The Quakers, a group formally known as the Religious Society of Friends, were a religious movement founded by George Fox. Many aspects of death and mortality were addressed by people of the time and many more are being researched by modern historians in search of the intricacies of Chesapeake society. The Chesapeake and New England attracted different types of settlers and, by 1700, the populations differed enormously. The scarcity of indentured servants meant that the price of their labor contracts increased, and Chesapeake farmers began to look for alternative, cheaper sources of bonded labor. However, Penn energetically marketed the new colony so he could attract a heavy flow of immigrants.
These cities served as major seaports for the colonies in their trade with Europe, African, and the Caribbean. Slave traders in Gorés, by Jacques Grasset de Saint-Sauveur: Depiction of European and African slave traders. Penn was eager to establish a refuge for fellow Quakers in Pennsylvania. Moreover, the colonists founded many relationships that were both good and bad with various other groups so that they could make it through those first years. When the Pilgrims landed in New England, they had no desire other than to create a community which could worship God in the way they saw fit, which was completely different than the desire of the Chesapeake settlers, who wanted gold.
The Englanders who saw the opportunity to take advantage of the popularity of a brand new crop they had discovered settled the Chesapeake area. Because the religion and society was so family-oriented, farms were usually just large enough to feed one's family, with a small surplus. An English fleet soon set sail to seize the Dutch colony, and in 1664, they threatened to take over New Netherland. Some desired freedom from religious persecution, others wanted a chance to be free from the poverty that ensnared them in England Thus the American colonies were formed. The late colonial period witnessed the founding of The College of Rhode Island, renamed Brown, and Dartmouth, which was originally an Indian school. Indentured servitude was a process where an indentured servant, in exchange for a gratuitous trip across the Atlantic, served the colonies with labor in the tobacco industry.
The two groups who showed these differences were the colonists of the New England and Chesapeake Bay areas. One such instance includes the account of an English woman recalling her husbands death; this account though written in England about an Englishmen was published in Richmond Virginia Fletcher 1. They had different motives and incentives for immigrating to America. New Englanders became famous for their pies. Their clean water supply was a sharp contrast to the contaminated waters of Chesapeake Bay.