Death from water-born disease decreased exponentially as Chadwick's suggested improvements were carried out. Due to urban expansion, cities became overcrowded. Britain's urban areas became the focus for politicians, churches and philanthropists in the 1800s who looked on aghast at the conditions and the scale of the deficiencies in the urban areas and the horrific effects on the urban poor. Sanatoriums had open porches to provide fresh air and easy access to the outdoors. When they arrived they were crowded into poor ethnic slums in major cities Mostly in the Northeast.
Additionally, the industrial revolution attracted immigrants, as people moved to Berlin in search of new job opportunities. Unlike many members from the middle and upper-class societies who viewed charity work as their responsibility to help the needy, settlement workers hoped to benefit personally by experiencing different ways of life and learning first-hand knowledge that could not be taught in the classroom. What started the famous Chicago Fire? In the 1880s, people migrated to the West under the promise of free land. As businesses thrived workers earned higher salaries, and shopping became a popular activity, especially for members of the new middle class. Locals would gather to skate on its ice in the winter and picnic along its shores in the summer. However, the wave of immigrants that arrived between 1880 and 1924 were not met with any major improvements.
Advocated the application of Christian values to social problems. By the early 1890s, more than 100,000 adults were enrolled in Chautauqua classes. Effects of Urbanization in America: Machine Politics The 1800's were marked by bribery and corruption in politics at both state and federal government levels. With the exception of its more celebrated neighbor, the Lower East Side, no part of the country has been a place of the poor, the immigrant and the aspiring for as long as the Five Points. Part of the urban population growth was fueled by an unprecedented mass immigration to the United States that continued unabated into the first two decades of the twentieth century.
As a result, some of those who moved from the eastern plains were forced to move back. The solution to rising costs of real estate and the need to maximize the use of available space was to build up. The apartments were less than 12 feet wide and the rooms were extremely claustrophobic. He writes that the environs of the Five Points today feature ''overcrowding just as astounding as that found in the Old Brewery in the 1840's. Anbinder, an associate professor of history at George Washington University, addresses himself to just this question, and the results are always enlightening. Poverty is an unfortunate side-effect of human life if people fail to thrive and prosper. New York: The Free Press.
Factory Workers The working class in industrialized cities consisted primarily of immigrant and native workers who labored at clothing factories, industrial plants and meat packaging facilities. However, Berlin had a number of regulations that protected workers against exploitation by employers, such as minimum wage, inspected working conditions and banishment of child labor. Tenements were not reformed until the 1920s, when the United States closed down its borders to most immigrants. Benefits of Urbanization in America Other benefits of Urbanization in America included the building and establishment of museums, theaters, art galleries and libraries. Banks, insurance companies, and corporate headquarters clustered in financial centers within walking distance from each other.
Whether nicknamed Little Italy, Little Bohemia, or Chinatown, immigrant neighborhoods were rich with Old World languages, from the words printed in the newspapers and on the signs in store windows to the voices heard on the streets. The law was not repealed until 1943. Although their children attended public schools and quickly learned English, immigrant parents continued to use their native tongue, transplanting a bit of the Old World into the new. At the end of the nineteenth century, roads and bridges connected city to city, and more Americans started commuting daily between home and work. Even though the early 1900s were a time when urbanization was growing like wildfire and cities were popping up all over the map, rural farming was still an important occupation of the working class. Earlier in the century, Edward Jenner had acted upon the work of a Dorset farmer who had managed to immunise his wife and children from smallpox by deliberately giving them cowpox.
By 1813 it had been entirely filled in and by 1825 something entirely new stood on the site -- America's first real slum, the Five Points. The majority of immigrants were unskilled and flocked to the towns and cities in search of a new life and employment in the factories. In the late nineteenth century, municipal government often failed to meet the needs of its constituents — citizen and immigrant alike. Many of those retail stores such as J. They came to America from southern and eastern Europe and consited of Italians, Greeks, Croats, Slovaks, Poles, and Russians Chinese immigrants landed mostly on the west coast. In 1870, there were only two American cities with a population of more than 500,000; by 1900, there were six, and three of these — New York, Chicago, and Philadelphia — boasted over one million inhabitants.
Conditions Many 18th-century towns were grimy, overcrowded and generally insanitary places. One attempt at improving housing for the poor actually had the opposite effect. With advances in Industrialization and technology new transportation systems developed that ran on rails and were propelled by electricity instead of horses. Most people used home remedies rather than conventional medicine and maintained frugal lifestyles. This allowed factories to grow at a rapid pace and the immigrants provided the inhabitants for rapidly forming cities where the factories were located.