It can be inferred, particularly when one knows the occupation of the man to whom the poem was dedicated, that our fearless speaker is perhaps a captain of a ship, particularly when he gives himself that title at the end of the poem. Henley was fighting a battle for his life in the hospital when he wrote the poem, which comes through in lines about the black night that covers him, the 'bludgeonings of chance,' and the 'place of wrath and tears. He has the strength to refuse wishes and whims of fate. Only he will decide where his life's path ends. The beginnings of most of Shakespeare's sonnets follow it they throw a curveball at the end, but that's for another lesson. Beyond this place of wrath and tears Looms but the Horror of the shade, And yet the menace of the years Finds, and shall find, me unafraid. Beyond this place of wrath and tears Looms but the Horror of the shade, And yet the menace of the years Finds, and shall find, me unafraid.
In the fell clutch of circumstance I have not winced nor cried aloud. In these two lines, the poet also creates a metaphor, as the night to which the speaker refers can actually represent any quandary in which the speaker finds himself. He had had the disease since he was very young, and his foot had been amputated shortly before he wrote the poem. Beyond this place of wrath and tears Looms but the Horror of the shade, And yet the menace of the years Finds, and shall find, me unafraid. The poet has kept the whole structure of the poem in a tight format having the rhyme scheme of abab cdcd efef ghgh. Henley was friends with Robert Louis Stevenson, who wrote Treasure Island.
Out of the night that covers me, Black as the Pit from pole to pole, I thank whatever gods may be For my unconquerable soul. He says everything after his present torment is even worse than what he's going through. Lines 16 and 17 are strongly associated with Christian ideas and images. This poem was recited by Nelson Mandela while he was in Robben Island Prison. I am the master of my fate: I am the captain of my soul. Under the bludgeonings of chance My head is bloody, but unbowed.
The meter gives 'Invictus' a strong rhythmic quality, which drives readers through each line. The words are epic and triumphant, and the rhythm and form match. The poet stated the immense strength of the human spirit in the depths of adversity and illustrated how in the darkest of times, and even when your own fate is against you, the human spirit is strong enough to withstand all the pain and struggle and push through. As an editor of a series of literary magazines and journals—with right to choose contributors, and to offer his own essays, criticism, and poetic works—Henley, like Johnson, is said to have had significant influence on culture and literary perspectives in the late- period. William Ernest Henley Born 23 August 1849 , England Died 11 July 1903 1903-07-11 aged 53 , England Occupation Poet, critic, and editor Nationality British Education The Crypt School, Gloucester Period c. Many Victorian writers often incorporated nature into their poetry, and Henley continued this trend, which is quite evident in the lines of Invictus.
Henley wrote the poem to encourage himself in the face of the deadly illness which tried to steal his life. These are the lines that drew me in when I first encountered this poem; bloodied but unbowed Master of my fate Captain of my soul bludgeonings of chance Such power in so short a poem. The rhythm continues that way all through the 4 stanzas. He reiterates the title of the poem that indicates that whatever it might be, his soul is invincible. This passionate and defiant poem should be compared with his beautiful and contemplative acceptance of death and dying in the poem.
During his internment at Robben Island, former South African president and Nobel Laureate Nelson Mandela said it was 'Invictus' that inspired him and kept him going throughout his years of imprisonment and suffering. In 1867, when Henley's father passed away, he left Crypt Grammar School to help his mother maintain the household. The poems of In Hospital are also noteworthy as some of the earliest written in England. Soon after passing the examination, Henley moved to London and attempted to establish himself as a journalist. Background: At the age of 12, Henley contracted tuberculosis of the bone.
Life is one of our biggest teachers who imparts lessons through suffering and challenges. He does admit, however, in the next two lines that he has not emerged unscathed. He had the disease at a very young age. Let's look at this uplifting poem: Out of the night that covers me, Black as the pit from pole to pole, I thank whatever gods may be For my unconquerable soul. He again tells his reader that he does not fear anything. Under the bludgeonings of chance My head is bloody, but unbowed.
This night is used as a metaphor for the worldly hardships. Henley was a pupil at between 1861 and 1867. Under the bludgeonings of chance My head is bloody, but unbowed. Throughout it all, however, he perseveres and is successful in his endeavors. The poet, Henley was faced with an ugly situation. This lesson reminded me of when Sylvester Stallone as Rocky gives that inspirational speech to his son. The tone of the poem depicts courage and perseverance in the midst of difficult life situations.
The bold, fearless end to the poem is an affirmation that, as the decision-makers in our lifetimes, we are the sole authorities over ourselves, and a powerful line that seems to have a wide variety of applications for any situation. But, the poem says, none of that matters. He was diagnosed with tuberculosis, which deteriorated further, requiring amputation of one of his legs. The strong rhythms and language of the poem serve to underscore the speaker's determination: his head is bloody, but unbowed. To sum up the entire poem, the last lines say it all : The word 'Invictus' is Latin word for 'Invincible'. He was an English poet who lived within 1849 — 1903. I will take you through the poem, and explain it stanzas by stanza to give you a clear idea of what the poem is trying to tell you.
This historical event was captured in fictional form in the film 2009 , wherein the poem is referenced several times. The poem was written in 4 stanzas with each of them having 4 lines. Henley, who most generously permitted the whole of those chosen to appear, and to be for the first time publicly attributed to him. Poetry can inspire to break the shackles of misery in our minds, and to surmount our own thought of succumbing to fate. If you feel inspired by Invictus, and wish to voice your interpretation, kindly use the comments section below.