Dostoevsky examines many different facets of life, investigates many problems of lasting importance, and is able to do so successfully in this novel because the mere size and bulk of the book allows him to proceed with deliberate slowness in introducing and developing his ideas. Meanwhile, the three thousand rubles that Fyodor Karamazov had set aside for Grushenka has disappeared. It turns out that his father is also in love with Grushenka making the two rivals. Upon learning this, Dmitri loads a cart full of food and wine and pays for a huge orgy to finally confront Grushenka in the presence of her old flame, intending all the while to kill himself at dawn. If Dostoevsky had, for example, written the novel from the point of view of Alyosha, the novel would have lost a great deal of its meaning. The Church throws him in jail, and The Great Inquisitor explains to him that his presence is problematic for the world.
The visits him in his cell to tell him that the Church no longer needs him. Katya's attraction to Dmitri's brother Ivan and his intellectual tendencies, promises the possibility of happiness for Katya after Dmitri's rejection, but her pride and passionate nature cause her and the brothers a lot of unhappiness. Dostoevsky often investigates this idea in an attempt to understand why a person who acts in a certain manner will often perform an action that seemingly contradicts his nature. He also hates the old man. Each idea borders upon another and is somewhat vitiated when isolated from the remainder of the novel. Ivan attempts to convince Dmitri to escape a trial he surely can't win, but Ivan's own certainty about his behavior during the murder are put to the test by his conversations with the sly Smerdyakov. They agree to love each other for that one moment, and say they will love each other forever, even though both now love other people.
He wants to be with Grushenka, but he wants to pay Katerina back first. But despite everyone's expectations that some miracle might occur, his body begins to decay, much to the delight of his detractors. Dmitri is sentenced to jail. After determining that the man is not dead, Dmitri flees the scene and looks for Grushenka. However, instead of Alyosha becoming corrupted, he is able to earn fresh faith and hope from Grushenka, while Grushenka's troubled mind begins the path of spiritual redemption through his influence: they become close friends.
It is also revealed that she is not as morally corrupt as her reputation would suggest, and she is a kind and loving person. Perhaps his spirit was bold and irrepressible, but he was the new breed of liberal Russian manhood. Fyodor is a greedy landowner, a bawdy lecher, and a neglectful father. Belief in the law of love and forgiveness is challenged by the verdict of the court, but when the law of men comes up short, love shows itself to be the real winner. She decides that she loves Dmitri, and as the two are coming to terms with their love, the police come to arrest him for the murder of Fyodor.
After final statements are made, the verdict comes back: guilty. Despite his defense lawyer's brilliant closing argument, Dmitri is found guilty. And Dmitri's brother's Alexey and Ivan try to sort out whether Dmitri killed his father. He soon learns that Grushenka's former has returned and taken her to a lodge near where Dmitri just was. He publicly announced he was looking for 3,000 rubles and was desperate to find them, and Fyodor reportedly had an envelope with 3,000 rubles that was stolen the night of the murder. The ability that he has to understand the depravity inherent in man gives him, and therefore the reader, great insights into the personalities and motives of the other characters.
The prosecution brings many witnesses who testify to seemingly damning evidence against Dmitri. Father Zossima is dying, and Alyosha is distraught. This is easily explained: the other two sons make no financial demands upon the father; only Dmitri insists upon having his inheritance. Therefore, there are no gaps in the story; in a novel in which every action and every phrase is significant, it is important that the reader know all that happens. The novel is organized to build to not only one large climax but also to several smaller ones. Father Zossima is patient and kind, but Fyodor and Dmitri end up quarreling anyway. He did not shoot and, after the duel, he retired from the army and joined a monastery.
The relationship between Fyodor and his adult sons drives much of the plot in the novel. He talks about how much the Bible has affected him and says that everyone should embrace the world and the people in it. The mood is dampened, however, when the doctors go in to see Ilusha. For a man usually so miserly with money and not professing a belief in God, this action is strange and contradictory. When he tells her that Father Zossima has died, however, she becomes contrite about her callousness.
During Karamazov's years of cruelty and depravity, Sofya Ivanovna gave birth to two sons, Ivan and Alyosha. Alyosha bangs on the door and finds his brother in a feverish state, muttering about a devil and Smerdyakov. After returning home, Ivan suffers a nervous breakdown in which he sees a devil that relentlessly taunts him. Alyosha is deeply religious, and is almost saintly in his love and care for everyone including his wicked father. He hates his father for being a cruel and lecherous man. Meanwhile, Alyosha befriends some of the local schoolboys.