He then tried to force the immediate publication of Flamsteed's catalogue of the stars, as well as all of Flamsteed's notes, edited and unedited. Final Years Toward the end of this life, Newton lived at Cranbury Park, near Winchester, England, with his niece, Catherine Barton Conduitt, and her husband, John Conduitt. However, he was a prominent scientist. While some might see this as work beneath the man who had revolutionized science, it might be more properly attributed to Newton responding to the issues of the time in turbulent 17th century Britain. In the ensuing months, the exchange between the two men grew more acrimonious, and soon Newton threatened to quit the society altogether.
Shortly after arriving in London he joined the Westminster School and at 18 he enrolled in the School of the Church of Christ in Oxford. The compound microscope opened up a whole new world to scientists and marked the beginning of the study of cell biology. Legacy Isaac Newton's fame grew even more after his death, as many of his contemporaries proclaimed him the greatest genius who ever lived. Of course, Newton was proven wrong on some of his key assumptions. Shortly afterward, Barrow resigned his Lucasian professorship at Cambridge, and Newton assumed the chair.
The scientist accepted a job as professor of geometry at the Gresham School, also in London. In 1670, , a Dutch biologist, first examined living cells using a compound microscope adapted from Hooke's design. Along with mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz, Newton is credited for developing essential theories of calculus. Halley idly asked him what shape the orbit of a planet would take if its attraction to the sun followed the inverse square of the distance between them Hooke's theory. Upon the publication of the first edition of Principia in 1687, Robert Hooke immediately accused Newton of plagiarism, claiming that he had discovered the theory of inverse squares and that Newton had stolen his work. However, within a few years, Newton fell into another nervous breakdown in 1693. According to this common myth, Newton was sitting under an apple tree when a fruit fell and hit him on the head, inspiring him to suddenly come up with the theory of gravity.
Above: A photo of Newton Investigating Light, a portrayal of Isaac Newton created by J A Houston, circa 1879. At the time, the concept of extinction was not accepted. The same passage in the proceedings of the Royal Society also presents a cipher by Christopher Wren, which he devised as a response to Huygens' cipher. Oddly enough, Newton recovered quickly, wrote letters of apology to friends, and was back to work within a few months. While there is no evidence that the apple actually hit Newton on the head, he did see an apple fall from a tree, leading him to wonder why it fell straight down and not at an angle. Newton had requested a large volume of Flamsteed's notes for his revisions to Principia. He anxiously obsessed over his published work, defending its merits with irrational behavior.
In many cases, his reputation was damaged by his personality and by how conflictive he was. His scientific discoveries were unchallenged. These notes were later published as part of Newton's Opticks: Or, A treatise of the Reflections, Refractions, Inflections and Colours of Light. His beloved niece and companion died the same year that Principia was published, in 1687. While Newton theorized that light was composed of particles, Hooke believed it was composed of waves. Its publication immediately raised Newton to international prominence.
He spent his last years in the Isle of Wight. Another famous example of the use of a cipher in seventeenth century scientific writing can be found in Isaak Newton's second letter to Leibniz from November 3, 1676. This was fundamental later in his life, as he gave the assignment to Hooke that resulted in the development of his cell theory. His father John Hooke was a priest, and his mother was Cecily Gyles. Hooke achieved fame in his day as Surveyor to the City of London and chief assistant of Christopher Wren.
In the ensuing years, his fortune improved. Newton was soon sent back to King's School to finish his basic education. All his spare time was spent reading from the modern philosophers. Hooke was not the only one to question Newton's work in optics. Isaac Newton Inventions Newton's first major public scientific achievement was designing and constructing a reflecting telescope in 1668. Hooke was in demand to settle many of these disputes, due to his competence as a surveyor and his tact as an arbitrator. Other buildings designed by Hooke include The Royal College of Physicians 1679 , Ragley Hall in Warwickshire, and the parish church at Willen in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire.
A member of the Royal Society from 1663, Hooke was accomplished in astronomy, biology, physics and architecture, and his skill as an instrument maker gave him an edge over his contemporaries. Although not a surveyor or architect by profession, Hooke was named London's Surveyor after the Great Fire of 1666 and, with Christopher Wren, given the task of rebuilding the city. This video is about Robert Hooke was a brilliant scientist, famous for his law of elasticity Hooke's law as well as his pioneering work using the microscope. Regardless of the numerous contributions that Hooke made in the field of science, he is not popular in the modern world as much as his contemporaries because of several disputes over his work that he had with Newton and other famous scientists of the time. For those who still don't understand what the two comments are about, then basically the blog post predicted a psychic event in the future, coded the prediction in hash to avoid ruining it. When Hooke disputed Newton's claims, Newton denied any wrong.