Nannies also taught children proper behavior, disciplined the children, and took care of them when they were ill. Time taken walking to and from work would extend an already long day beyond endurance. Both skilled and unskilled were generally out of work as machinery took their places. Slum housing All these problems were magnified in London where the population grew at a record rate. For women the gap is now a massive 14 per cent wider, compared to 11 per cent last year. This was due to the effects of the industrial revolution; people were flocking into the towns and cities in search of employment. Religion Region was very important to the Victorians.
Instead of doing as most normal children do today where they are outside playing, enjoying their video games, and have few worries in the world. For the poor Victorian Children life was much different. London had slums in other areas also. Because they were considered cheap labor Victorian children were in high demand for many types of jobs including mining, factory work, street sweepers, clothing and hat makers, chimney sweeps, farming, textile mills, servants, and sadly, prostitution. Many girls turned to prostitution, viewing it as a means to an end - a way to build up capital so that they may invest in a business or live a more comfortable life. His great-great-aunt Harriet was a village baker in Staffordshire — earning more than her husband, an agricultural labourer. There are records of children as young as 12 being hanged for their crimes during that time period.
The quality of life depended on whether you were rich or poor. But how good was their bread? As soon as they married, however, their property and any money they owned transferred to their husband. They were built very cheaply with little consideration for safety and attractiveness. After 1870, things changed and all children from the age of 5 to 13 had to attend school by law. They argued that the physical demands of menstruation and the intellectual demands of studying were incompatible.
That is disappointing, but it highlights the challenge that this particular target presents. This was particularly true for middle and upper-class women. Girls were educated at home and getting prepared for marriage. Gertrude Himmelfarb, , pp 376 - 377 London: Faber, 1984 7. On the job safety was not a major concern and they were expected to work in filthy conditions many times.
By the Victorian era, all but the poorest demanded white bread — once the preserve of the wealthy — instead of brown, and village bakers made two standard white loaves: household bread, which was cheap, and a higher-quality bread for the tiny rural middle class; the local doctor, perhaps, or the clergy. Actually this was not unique only to the Victorian age, children had been expected to work for centuries before this. As men believed they were driven by their mind or intellectual strength, they felt they were equipped to be the governing sex. This did not always translate to a more loving atmosphere though. With the profits the six month Great Exhibition produced, land was purchased in Kensington.
One example of such a report will suffice. Unlike their lower class counterparts, upper class Victorian women more often than not had staff to help with the running of their home and the raising of their children, leaving them with plenty of time to enjoy the finer things in life. Their allotted goal in life was to marry, have children and raise them in an appropriate and respectful manner. The intention was to show the poor. Slate was used to learning writing with a sharpened piece of slate called a slate pencil. Secondary sources are sources that were written about primary sources.
If you're thinking of changing your child's school, read our guide… — 7 hours 45 min ago Testimonials. Meat and Wine also formed a crucial part of the rich Victorian diet. If you were rich you could have a good and easy life. Even the Royal Family was not immune to the smells and at one time was forced to cancel a water excursion due to raw sewage being dumped into the Thames. The older kids went to a day school. The upper class, or aristocracy, was composed of nobility and clergy and comprised only two percent of the population.
Joseph Lister 1827-1912 — Lister was a surgeon who introduced the idea of keeping surgical instruments free from germs, and disinfecting wounds. Names to know: Florence Nightingale 1820-1910 — Florence was the founder of modern nursing; she knew it was important to keep hospitals clean and well-run. The nanny was in effect a substitute parent. Large houses were turned into flats. Gardens were valued, and houses had several rooms with several functions such as drawing rooms. It was the general opinion of many of the wealthy Victorian families that the slums were brought on because of laziness, sin and lack of principle and self-discipline among the people who lived there. London through the haze The housing shortage Low wages and the scramble for jobs meant that people needed to live near to where work was available.
What subjects did the students learn? Population increase Young carers, c. The wealthy and the poor led two absolutely contradictory lives. In an article published on 24th September 1849 he described a London Street with a tidal ditch running through it, into which drains and sewers emptied. As the century went on, middle-class people took annual holiday. What types of jobs did they do? Also see: The life of the people in the Victorian Britain was determined on whether the person was born in a rich family or a poor family. Dancing and grand social parties were commonplace in the lives of wealthy Victorian women, and offered them a chance to mingle with other women of similar backgrounds and to show off their fineries.
Wealthy Children The children of rich Victorians spent the majority of their day with their nanny. The laws prohibited them from working more than 12 hours, but still, working conditions were tough. Various ideas have been put forward; larger families; more children surviving infancy; people living longer; immigration, especially large numbers of immigrants coming from Ireland fleeing the potato famine and the unemployment situation in their own country. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the author Mandy Barrow. No Right to Her Own Possessions Once a woman married control of any property she owned, as well as any income she received from it, passed to her husband. Diaries would be a primary source because it is written directly by the individual writing in the diary. The head servant would be a man called a butler.