China, food and water was abundant without having centralized government to organize large irrigation projects like in Mesopotamia or Egypt. The largest city Rakhigarhi, in India, covered 350 hectares of land. They bartered grain, vegetable oil and leather with one another and with foreign regions, from which they acquired natural resources not found in Sumer, such as metals, timber, and precious stones. In this fashion, dominant families blurred the line between the everyday and the religious, the profane and the sacred heritages, and thereby legitimized their domination of their subjects. The ability to divine the future was a powerful way to legitimated royal power — and then to justify the right to collect yet more tribute.
Both civilizations grew around famous rivers to nurture and bring out the best in human beings striving to wrestle with the unknown. Egypt was invaded by Alexander the Great and then ruled by Greek Kings. Mesopotamian art focused on less monumental structures, while embracing a definite literary element that Egyptian art needed. Either civilization probably would not. One of the first Mesopotamian cities, Uruk, had 5-miles of fortified walls. The religion of the culture of Harappa took a very different course than the Sumerians and Egyptians, perhaps reflecting their very different environment that did not include as much flooding as Sumer and Egypt. The difference in religious thoughts led to… 1509 Words 7 Pages Comparing and Contrasting River Valley Civilizations In the following treatise, the research that will be presented will provide criteria involving similarities and differences in three attributes of life in the four primary river valley civilizations.
There was scant rainfall and frequent flooding, similar to Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Indus. Ancient Egypt and Ancient Mesopotamia Similarities Ancient Mesopotamia and have fascinated historians down the ages as both civilizations were rich in and contributed much to the development and enrichment of the civilizations in the east and the west. In pioneering water storage, Mesopotamians were the first hydraulic engineers. They are alike and unlike in many ways. Economically perhaps Mesopotamia flourished more than Egypt and in art and Egypt edged over Mesopotamia. In the South, other settlements formed around the Yangzi River, where a wetter and warmer climate prevailed.
The agricultural surplus produced by this complex system paid for the rulers, priests, and artisans. They grew maize in the heavy rain area on and near the southern shores of the Gulf of Mexico where they had plenty of fish, game, and dogs to eat. It flooded annually and left silt on the riverbanks. With these surrounding deserts, both civilizations required some sort of lifeline in the form of a river. They both had their own form of writing; Mesopotamia had cuneiform, and Egypt had hieroglyphics and cursive. Without these civilizations we might not have things like wheels, the calendar, and irrigation systems. This is very much evident from the ancient paintings in the.
The Making of the West, Peoples and Cultures Volume I to 1740s, Third Edition. To stop married women from tempting other men, they were forced to cover their bodies, except for their faces, with veils. Egypt had a different form of government and Mesopotamia had a different form of government altogether. They were both tomb builders with a highly organized social structure governed by a central ruler with a large army, but the Egyptian civilization is considered to have been far more advanced in the development of their culture. Agriculture, Mesopotamia and Egypt both. Let us see more information about each civilization and based on that information understand the differences between each civilization. Irrigation, however, required organized manpower.
The Olmec went so far as to sacrifice humans. Environmentally, these two civilizations were formed in similar surroundings, yet their weather patterns show distinctions. The peoples of the region formed themselves into a loose confederation of villages. Archeologists have found many Neolithic settlements in northern China around the Yellow and Wei Rivers. Both had agriculture as the primary occupation. Like Sumer and Harappa, Shang, and Olmec, the Egyptians developed a writing system.
Egypt The way Egypt developed from hunters and gatherers around the Nile River was as follows. We can only deduce from the archaeological findings what the people may have been like. Historians often points out that inter war within the civilization led to its downfall. And Mesopotamian more pragmatic in their thinking did not believe in the Egyptian preparation for afterlife. There are known to be many parallels between the famous Old Kingdom Egyptians and Ancient Mesopotamians. Most of Egypt's economic activity took place in farming. For example the river provided an irrigation system for the crops along the Fertile Crescent, the negative impact was that the people of Mesopotamia didn't know when the rivers would flood, so the flood ruined their crops and homes.
In Mesopotamia the main crops grown were wheat and barley while in China the main crops grown were wheat, rice, corn, and soy beans. Because of the dry climate and flooding of the river, farmers had to adapt and eventually began to grow crops of fruits and vegetables. Both societies traded extensively, but there was a difference in economic manner. The river can affect all aspects of the life in. However, there were significant political, religious, and cultural differences between these two civilizations which pioneered the formation of human communities. Since China was a very vast nation, nobles watched over pieces of the land, and the emperor watched over the nobles. As depicted in Gilgamesh, Enkidu and the Netherworld, the people of Mesopotamia were also careful to prepare themselves for life after death Brisch et al.
Some symbols have different meanings when juxtaposed with other symbols like in Chinese writing. It was not until the Sumerians started building artificial mounds and built walls around the city did they begin to have any protection from the floods. The first piece that I chose is an Egyptian sculpture of royalty picture on the left. Through this essay, I will illustrate the differences, as well as the similarities of the fascinating early civilizations of Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt. So, like most early , Mesopotamia did not treat the women well as the Egyptians did. The creator of the first empire in Mesopotamia was Sargon of Akkad 8. Thus, Mesopotamia developed from small farming communities to a group of cities united under a single ruler by 2200 B.
They were also more advanced in their writing called hieroglyphs and a cursive script. However, the Chinese empire could also be overthrown if they were a bad ruler. Urban Development Of the 5 civilizations, it appears that Mesopotamia and Egypt became the most developed as urban centers. In Indus the main economic activity was trade while in China the main economic activity was farming and the main crops grown were wheat, rice, corn, and soy beans. Then some people produced more and accumulated more livestock than others, thus gaining higher status.