Mahmud ghazni and muhammad ghori. Mahmud Ghazni and beginning of Islam in north 2019-01-01

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Time check: Medieval India: Muhammad Ghori (1173

mahmud ghazni and muhammad ghori

Mahmud appointed local vassal kings to rule in his name in many of the conquered regions, easing relations with non-Muslim populations. The murderer killed him so brutally that there were 22 wounds on his body. The real founder of Turkish rule in Indian Subcontinent was Shihab-ud-din, also known as Muhammad Ghori. Abdul Basit Rahi has been created this channel. To reap the harvest of gold was one of the prominent aims of the invaders.

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Invaders of Medieval Period Mahmud of Ghazni and Muhammad Ghori,

mahmud ghazni and muhammad ghori

Ghori used his cavalry archers to attack Rajput from all four sides to harass and exhaust them. Qutb-ud-Din joined his master with his force. Ghori appointed Qutub-ud-din Aibek as commander of his forces to capture delhi and returned to Ghazni. Mahmud never suffered a reverse but Muhammad Ghouri was an ordinary soldier and suffered many defeats in India but he never lose heart on these defeats and take revenge of them and crushed the power of Hindu Rajas. On the contrary, Ghori showed very little interest in art and literature. In the second battle of Tarain, in 1192 Ghuri defeated raja Prithviraj and the victory paved the way for Ghori to push Muslim rule further in India. Even in his most daring raid Mahmud commanded 30-40k men, many Rajput kings tried to block him but he managed to get away.


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Mahmud Ghazni and beginning of Islam in north

mahmud ghazni and muhammad ghori

Ghazni under Mahmud was a great cultural centre. Mahmud did not face a single defeat unlike Ghuri but that does not make him superior. Unlike other great conquerors like Alexander and Chengez Khan, Mahmud did not leave the areas conquered to the mercy of his soldiers. His army consisted of heterogeneous elements such as Arabs, Afghanis, Turks and Hindus but he showed wonderful ability in welding together these elements into a powerful and invincible unit. Khusrau Malik took the help of Khokhars to take over Sialkot but was not successful. Great ability to select officers: Ghori had the art of selecting the best men for his services. Both Bengal and Bihar came under the control of Ghori, and Khilji became the viceroy of Bengal and Bihar.

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Shihab

mahmud ghazni and muhammad ghori

He dashed across sindh and attacked Debal capital of sindh. The kingdom of Ghori was surrounded by enemies however. Historians say that the actual founder of the Muslim Empire in India was Muiz-ud-din Muhammad bin Sam, also known as Muhammad of Ghur, Muhammad Ghori or Shihabud Din Muhammad Ghori. This gave Muizuddin time to regroup his forces and the two armies met again in the year 1192. Ali, Oxford and Cambridge History of India etc.

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Mahmud Ghazni and beginning of Islam in north

mahmud ghazni and muhammad ghori

He along with his force reached a place near Tarain and encamped there. After the Second battle of Tarain, Muhammad Ghouri returned to Ghazni and his trusted lieutenant, Qutb-ud-Din Aibak was entrusted with the charge of his conquered territories. This time the better led cavalry of Muizuddin decided the battle and even though the Indian forces outnumbered the turks it made no difference. Khusrau Malik came out of fort, immediately he was captured and imprisoned. In 1175 Ghori captured Multan from the Hamid Ludi dynasty which was also Pashtun but were alleged to be un-Islamic on the account of their association with Ismailite Shi'iate sect and also took Uch in 1175.

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Time check: Medieval India: Muhammad Ghori (1173

mahmud ghazni and muhammad ghori

The Rajputs fought bravely but the new tactics of Muhammad Ghouri proved to be too strong for them. Muhammad of Ghor's legacy created opportunities for positive as well as for negative. In 1181, he attacked on Lahore and successfully ended the Ghaznavids Empire, bringing the remaining territory under his control. One of his slaves was Qutb-ud-din Aibak. In order to break this alliance, Mahmud again came to Indo-Pakistan, and finally defeated Trilochanpal. The Hindus fought very bravely and initially the enemies could not damage the temple.

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Mohammad Ghori: Founder of Muslim Rule in India

mahmud ghazni and muhammad ghori

So they were not opposed to the idolaters. His kingdom formed the core of the Ghaznavid Empire, and he is credited with founding the dynasty. For better or for worse, the possibility of choosing either approach was due to Muhammad of Ghor's conquests. This made easier for other Afghan and Turkish rulers to enter India into the Gangetic valley at any time. Both used archers and cavalry in their army. The brave Hindu Rajputs tried to defend the temple when the enemy tried to get inside it. Sultan pretended to open dialogue with Khusrau Malik.


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What are the differences of invasion between Muhammad of Ghor and Ghazni?

mahmud ghazni and muhammad ghori

But his army got entrapped in the Marshy land of Rann of Kutch. He was more interested in plundering the wealth of India. Muhammad Ghouri found in the disunited condition of India a brilliant prospect of his success. He consolidated and extended the conquests of his master. He entered into an alliance with Vidyadhar, the chandela ruler of Bundelkhan.

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Military compaigns of Mahmud Ghaznavi and Muhammad Ghori

mahmud ghazni and muhammad ghori

It is said that as many as 150 Rajput princes with the exception of Raja of Qanauj lent him their help. He was the member of ruling house of Ghor in west- central part of modern Afghanistan. Following the victory other states fell as well, including the state of Kannauj. He deceived Khushrau Malik last descendant of Mahmud Ghazni and killed him. In 1160, the Ghorids conquered Ghazni from the Ghaznavids, and in 1173 Muhammad Shahab-ud-Din Ghori became governor of the province. Estimate of Both: When we compare the military qualities of Mahmud and Ghori, we can certainly say that Ghori is an obscure figure and he stands no comparison with Mahmud.

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