As in so many past experiences, our hopes had been blasted, and the shadow of deep disappointment settled upon us. The letter is loosely structured by his response to what he saw as nine criticisms made against him and his movement in another letter, a Letter to the Editor of a Birmingham newspaper. We had no alternative except to prepare for direct action, whereby we would present our very bodies as a means of laying our case before the conscience of the local and the national community. King would not have been so naïve as to have addressed this way. Moderates believe that time will get better if the oppressed blacks are patient, but Dr. One has not only a legal but a moral responsibility to obey just laws. To preserve the evil system of segregation.
As had happened in Montgomery, violence followed the concessions. However, in his devotion to his cause, King refers to himself as an extremist. Martin Luther King talks about how he should be able to protest and talk about his cause as much as he likes because the only other way to reach out to people is through acts of violence. For there is the more excellent way of love and nonviolent protest. At the time King was extremely grieved by the way the church, especially the white clergy, was not in support of the religious civil rights movement.
One day the South will recognize its real heroes. Let us all hope that the dark clouds of racial prejudice will soon pass away and the deep fog of misunderstanding will be lifted from our fear drenched communities, and in some not too distant tomorrow the radiant stars of love and brotherhood will shine over our great nation with all their scintillating beauty. The method was dangerous—kids could get hurt—but also potentially very symbolically powerful: children were the beneficiaries of the movement; they represented the movement's hope for the future. Letter from Birmingham Jail Facts - 8: A Citizens Council was established by Mississippi whites to maintain white supremacy and organize a network of groups to enforce racial segregation. Throughout Alabama all sorts of devious methods are used to prevent Negroes from becoming registered voters, and there are some counties in which, even though Negroes constitute a majority of the population, not a single Negro is registered.
It has taken Christianity almost two thousand years to accomplish what it has. Before the pen of Jefferson etched the majestic words of the Declaration of Independence across the pages of history, we were here. King finds optimism when reflecting on the history of blacks in America. Every day I meet young people whose disappointment with the church has turned into outright disgust. Letter from Birmingham Jail Facts - 13: The day after the election, Martin Luther King, Jr. It was a hard time to be a colored person, and there was one hope.
King's activities in Birmingham, therefore, included a final stage, during which he patrolled the city, speaking wherever people had gathered; he implored African Americans to answer violence only with peace. Gospel of Freedom: Martin Luther King, Jr. My citing the creation of tension as part of the work of the nonviolent resister may sound rather shocking. Telegrams flooded the White House conveying outrage, and it became clear that the Kennedy Administration would have to confront civil rights issues more directly. The southern Christian Leadership Conference confirmed that Birmingham had been practicing racial injustice. King was met with unusually harsh conditions in the Birmingham jail. Having aided in this community need, we felt that our direct action program could be delayed no longer.
This is certainly a legitimate concern. I had also hoped that the white moderate would reject the myth concerning time in relation to the struggle for freedom. King spent eight days in his cell. King indeed began writing it while locked in solitary confinement, on scraps of paper smuggled to him. Letter from Birmingham Jail Facts - 17: On Good Friday, 12 April 1963, Martin Luther King, Jr. The protests began on April 3, 1963. Stanford, California: The Martin Luther King, Jr.
Perhaps I must turn my faith to the inner spiritual church, the church within the church, as the true ekklesia and the hope of the world. We will have to repent in this generation not merely for the hateful words and actions of the bad people but for the appalling silence of the good people. Can any law enacted under such circumstances be considered democratically structured? I have hope that Mr. Isn't this like condemning Socrates because his unswerving commitment to truth and his philosophical inquiries precipitated the act by the misguided populace in which they made him drink hemlock? Actually, time itself is neutral; it can be used either destructively or constructively. Whites bombed black homes and churches, and blacks retaliated with mob violence.
I must make two honest confessions to you, my Christian and Jewish brothers. He had a philosophy and a plan and everything. The letter reveals King's strength as a rhetorician and his breadth of learning. GradeSaver, 30 July 2014 Web. If I have said anything that understates the truth and indicates my having a patience that allows me to settle for anything less than brotherhood, I beg God to forgive me. That level-headed, unemotional appeal begins to grow more complicated and fascinating almost immediately afterwards. There comes a time when the cup of endurance runs over, and men are no longer willing to be plunged into the abyss of despair.
His letter is a response to a letter signed by clergyman criticizing his actions towards civil rights. The method was dangerous—kids could get hurt—but also potentially very symbolically powerful: children were the beneficiaries of the movement; they represented the movement's hope for the future. Who can say that the legislature of Alabama which set up that state's segregation laws was democratically elected? I am sure that none of you would want to rest content with the superficial kind of social analysis that deals merely with effects and does not grapple with underlying causes. More than just a reaction to criticism, 'Letter from Birmingham Jail' articulately lays out a powerful argument for social justice and the responsibility of church, state and citizenry to stand up and speak out peacefully for civil rights. GradeSaver, 30 July 2014 Web. Letter from Birmingham Jail Facts - 24: The reaction to the arrests led to massive numbers of young demonstrators joining the protest. It was evidenced sublimely in the refusal of Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego to obey the laws of Nebuchadnezzar, on the ground that a higher moral law was at stake.