Comparative study of Political Systems forms an integral part of the study of Politics. The serious problem of selection bias occurs much less frequently in studies that contain multiple countries Lim, 2010. It is only partly correct that history repeats itself. Comparative study was regarded as the key to the understanding of politics and consequently the key to provide answers to these two question. Description without systematic orientation becomes an obstacle in the discovery of hypothesis regarding the uniformities in political behaviour and prevent formulation of theory about change, revolution, conditions of stability, etc. In fact, in contemporary times, the importance of Comparative Politics has increased tremendously. Deviant countries or cases are units which appear to be exceptions to the norm of the theory being analysed.
The job of the comparativist researcher is to make comparisons less subliminal and random, and more deliberate and systematic, especially in the things that are critical to human life. We are dedicated to developing understandings of institutions, practices, and relations that constitute public life and modes of inquiry that promote citizenship. He used the knowledge gained for building his theory of politics. It is by studying institutions and processes of different countries by use of an empirical methodological framework, that the researcher is able to realise inferences without the ambiguity of generalisations. It often involves comparisons among countries and through time within single countries, emphasizing key patterns of similarity and difference. One the students are also interested in the politics of the newer nation states in which an increasing part of the worlds population lives and try to include these states within the scope of generalisation about comparative politics.
In contemporary comparative politics studies however, equal importance is given to both types of comparisons. This empirical analysis can be used to explain a system, present theoretical ideas for modification and even to reasonably predict the future consequence of the case study in question. If one of the purposes of comparing politics is to escape ethnocentrisms, then area-specific knowledge is that body of knowledge which allows one to transcend the boundaries of one's own culture. You engage in this listing of and picking among alternatives every day, sometimes consciously but often less so. This cemented the superiority of the political over the spiritual and encouraged states to expand outside of Europe.
The Cuban revolution and the rise of Castro threatened American domination in the Western Hemisphere. These studies thus are generally studies of foreign governments, or parallel descriptions of institutions or constitutions not exactly the comparative studies. Methodologically, comparison is distinguished by its use of concepts that are applicable in more than one country. Both the cultures have strong roots with the shades of thousands of years of civilizations. Yet historical approach is important in the sense that the past serves as a window to the long process of evolution.
English is most widely used in communicating around the world. In some ways this tension is paralleled by two equally pervasive tensions: between those who are primarily inductive in their approach and those preferring a more deductive orientation; as well as a tension between those who are primarily oriented toward qualitative rather than quantitative methods. The comparative perspective allows us to develop more general theories about politics and government remember, one goal of scientific knowledge is generalization. His thesis is that mass-led revolutions dispossess the landed elite and result in Communism, and that revolutions by the elite result in Fascism. The biased and parochial nature of traditional studies stands replaced by all-embracing studies of developing as well as developed political systems. Courses in the political methodology field cover philosophical issues regarding the possibility of a science of politics, the similarities and differences between political science and other social sciences, alternative modes of explanation, and the truth of knowledge claims.
For example, Gurr demonstrated that the amounts of civil unrest in 114 countries are directly related to the existence of economic and political deprivation. Traditionally under comparative government, emphasis was placed only upon horizontal comparative studies. While English is not an official language in most countries, it is the language most often taught as a second language. Aristotle, the father of Political Science, used comparative method for comprehending and analysing principles, issues and problems of Greek City States of his times. It also assists in making the important distinction between causation, positive correlation, negative correlation and non-correlation.
The basic objective was to enquire into the historical and legal similarities and dissimilarities among the various forms of government and their political institutions for getting answer to two main questions: Which form of government was the best? Following a brief explanation of the methodology, this essay will explain the importance of its role and the benefits it brings to the political field of research. It also somewhat fails to account for transnational trends Franzese, 2007. Horizontal and Vertical Comparisons and Others. Making Comparisons Most people are subliminal comparativists; others make comparisons their vocation. It stands adopted as a new analytical too which has enabled political scientists to Study politics comprehensively, realistically and empirically? Others states are unitary states, where most power is held in a central government. The… 906 Words 4 Pages The Importance of Studying Comparative Politics Comparative politics is an important aspect of political science in that instead of studying how this country functions, it studies why other countries around the world are the way they are.
Scope of Comparative Politics and 3. What other notions of political units may be used in this field? These country's government and laws originated strongly from the Islamic roots of the people. It seeks to analyse, empirically and analytically, the actual activities of the governments and their structures and functions. A large number of political scientists even regard it as an autonomous discipline because of its vast scope and importance for a comprehensive understanding of politics in all societies. Scholars began to expand the horizons of the comparative subfield to include the emerging political systems of what we now call the Third World. They still expect a paycheck and a guaranteed job despite the quality of their work.