Among the Garos in Bangladesh, six language varieties are spoken: A'tong, Abeng, Brak, Chibok, Dual, and Megam. Other types of weapons are shields, spear, bows and arrows, axes, daggers etc Food and drink: The staple cereal food is rice. The Garo had the reputation of being headhunters. These days most of the town people use soda from the market in place of this ash water. The most significant differences exist between the groups who live closer to the plains--i. Sons leave the parents' house at puberty and are trained in the village bachelor dormitory nokpante. The individuals take their clan titles from their mothers.
Garo Matrilineal Society Photo by In a matrilineal society, the woman inherits the ancestral property. They are called Jamsireng or Jamdap. For a partial list of clan subdivisions, see Ibid. Land for shifting cultivation is owned by the clan. Fish, prawns, crabs, eels and dry fish also are a part of their food. .
The Garo have stayed in Bangladesh for thousands of years. Later a Garo patriot and statesman Sonaram R Sangma also fought against British and tried to unify the contiguous Garo inhabited areas. Consequently, all the estates bordering upon Garo Hills, which for all practical purposes had been semi-independent were brought under the control of the British. It was completed in 1998. Cotton, ginger, and dried chilies produced by the Garos are sold to the traders. Christmas: Though Christmas is basically a religious celebration, in Garo Hills the month of December is a great season of celebration.
Celebrations for the festival begin in the months of October-November. They use a kind of potash in curries, which they obtained by burning dry pieces of plaintain stems or young bamboos locally known as Kalchi or Katchi. In the case of a nokrom husband of the heiress of property , marriage does not create a new household but rather adds a new lease on life to an old household. Tallest Christmas Tree of the World: In December 2003 the tallest Christmas tree of the world was erected at Dobasipara, Tura by the Baptist boys of Dobasipara. Garos are very liberal in their food habits.
According to the census of India for 1971, Garos numbered 342,474. Ornaments: Both men and women enjoy adorning themselves with varieties of ornaments. Human hands continue to be the principal tool. The word Nokpante means the house of bachelors. One of the oldest book written by Major A.
Now-a-days most of them, as many as 95 percent of them, are Christened for which they enjoy economic and other social benefits despite the loss of their ancestral religion. There are two faiths prevalent among the Garos: native and Christian. The individuals take their clan titles from their mothers. Guwahati: Spectrum Publications, 1975 , 165-66. There are also Garo in the state of Tripura.
In fact, they were entrusted, as they had been by the Mughals, with the responsibility of keeping the hill Garos in check with help of their retainers. It is a belief of this tribe that it was founded by a woman. People from all religions and sections take part in the Christmas celebration. But people must exchange their produce to meet their requirements, and both hill and plains Garos needed such trade. The present generation of Garos forming minorities in these states of India do not speak the ethnic language anymore. They normally use locally available building materials like timbers, bamboo, cane and thatch.
They are one of the best-known matrilineal groups in India. These sub-clans are usually used as middle names, and Garos often include the initial of their clan subdivision when they give their full name as in the case of Williamson A. Their main occupation is farming, and many of them farm as day laborers. Garo language has different sub-languages, Viz- A·beng, Atong, Me·gam, Dual, ruga, A'we, chisak, matchi, matabeng, gara, ganching Chibok etc. Women weave and make their own dhokhnas, which is the traditional dress of the bodos. Beautiful Garo girls known as 'nomil' and handsome young men 'pante' take part in 'Wangala' festivals.
The Garo had the reputation of being headhunters. Calcutta: Superintendent of Government Printing. After getting married, the man lives in his wife's house. Togan Nengminja, a young man was in command of the valiant Garo warriors. The earliest written records about the Garo dates from around 1800. Although a small state, Meghalaya has a lot to offer. They believe 'Nor' and 'Mandé' as their ancestral parents of the tribe.
The language was not traditionally written down; customs, traditions, and beliefs were handed down. No special action is required regarding these talk page notices, other than using the archive tool instructions below. Sangmas are descended from the first person to live in a house with a raised floor. They use a kind of potash in curries, which they obtained by burning dry pieces of plaintain stems or young bamboos locally known as Kalchi or Katchi. Find all the answers to your queries via my posts. The Bodos are the largest among the Bodo - Kachari Clan. The modern official language in schools and government offices is.