Bardoli was a tehsil in Gujarat. He awakened and aroused a nation from semi-consciousness. His first attempt at legal practice miserably failed. He inspired Indian people for the manual labour and said that arrange all the resource ownself for living a simple life and becoming self-dependent. He led a simple life and wore only khadi clothes. He then decided to undertake an indefinite fast. The Passive Resistance Struggle was to be long-drawn-out.
The Natal India congress founded by Gandhi in 1894, on lines similar to the Indian National Congress, and later the British Indian committee in the Transvaal fought against restriction on Indian trade, movement and residence. Gandhi sympathised with the Khilafat cause. The tenants were oppressed and fear-stricken. Patel demanded that 2 The Satyagrahi prisoners should be released. Satyagraha was therefore started on the 22nd March 1918.
It was not in fact a rebellion, but a man-hunt. From her, Gandhi learned respect for living beings, the virtues of vegetarianism, and tolerance towards different ways of thinking, even towards other creeds and religions. He wanted to teach her but found no time. He was advised to closed study of scene, while refraining for making political speeches. There was widespread discontent among the peasants. Gandhi decided to launch Anti-War individual Satyagraha against curtailment of freedom.
He was not born as great but he made himself great through his hard struggles and works. He then started efforts to break the political stalemate. When their father was no more, it was Laxmidas who helped to educate him and sent him to England for legal studies. The mission proposed that the provinces be divided in three groups, in one of which Hindus were in the majority while in the other two Muslims. Hundreds of National schools were established.
It was a frustrating experience for him. He was born on 2 nd of October in 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, India. He then joined the Indian National Congress and before taking over the leadership in 1920, headed many agitations which he named Satyagraha. He sacrificed his own life for the sake of his country. Realization of the Truth is the purpose of human life. He did not want to show to the world how good he was.
He organised sixteen camps under the charge of 250 volunteers. When Gandhi was released from prison in 1944, Indian independence seemed in sight. The people were in an agitated mood. Gandhi always strove to realize the Truth. He then decided to return home. It lowered the British prestige. Gandhi's first satyagraha test in India came in Champaran, Bihar, in 1917 and it led to inquiry into the evil Indigo system and help to end it.
He made request to the lawyers for clerical assistance. Women were on the forefront in picketing the liquor shops. The country boycotted Simon Commission. It was the use of 'Soul-Force' against 'Brute-Force' or violence. He also read Edwin Arnold's 'The Light of Asia,' Blavatsky's 'Key to Theosophy' and the Bible. He did everything possible, including meeting Jinnah several times. That is why this tiny and fragile man could mobilise the masses and defeat the mighty British empire.
It was a tribute to Gandhi's leadership that they remained together happily under hard conditions. Mohan had a great devotion for his father and he often used to be present at the discussions about the State problems. The indentured labourers were taken there by the European landlords as there was acute labour shortage in South Africa. India had helped the British in the World War. Drawn into the political struggle, largely under Gandhi's influence, Motilal and Jawaharlal occupied the centre of the stage. Gandhi had to face the fury, when he returned with his wife and children, he had to enter the port town secretly, but he was found out and assaulted.
He died in 1948 on 30 th of January and his body was cremated at Raj Ghat, New Delhi. He urged people to show unity, non-violence and respect for human life. Even though they were being beaten with clubs, they refused to give up and continued on their peaceful march without physically defending themselves. The latter had been Prime Minister successively in three Kathiawar States. When Britain put a tax on salt, Gandhi decided to walk 241 miles to the sea in Dandi to make his own salt.
It was the first Satyagraha by industrial workers. Still a large meeting was held on April 12th at Jallianwala Bagh. Gandhi went to Bihar and brought the situation under control. Meetings and gatherings were prohibited. It was unbearable for Gandhi that they should break the vow.