The Europeans also knew that the Far East had many luxury goods. He was killed on Mactan Island in 1521, but the expedition returned to Spain under the command of Juan Sebastián del Cano. The river systems were the key to African geography. The probably argued that the cost of equipping the expedition would not be very great; the loss, if it failed, could be borne; the gain, should it succeed, was incalculable—indeed, it might divert to Spain all the wealth of Asia. Columbus had the same desires as many explorers both before and after him.
She has been a teacher for 20 years and has taught all ages from preschool through college. Exploration gave knowledge of the world. The three main reasons for European exploration of the North American continent were finding an alternate passageway to China and the eastern trade markets, the exploitation of labor and resources in the new world and spreading European-style civilization. As a result, many turned to their respective governments which had their own desires for the exploration of new areas. Trade my friend, it was all about money they sought to set out find new goods to sell to a expanding economy. This he did after a magnificent voyage around the Cape of Storms which he renamed the Cape of Good Hope and along the unknown coast of.
The promotion of profitable trade was yet another motive; he aimed to divert the Guinea trade in gold and ivory away from its routes across the Sahara to the Moors of Barbary North Africa and instead channel it via the sea route to Portugal. In 1493, the Pope declared that all lands west of the Azores and the Cape Verde Islands belonged to Spain, but Portugal, another great sea power, disputed the papal decree. In 1609, led an expedition to America for the Dutch East India Company and laid claim to the area along the Hudson River as far as present-day Albany. In addition, it also blocked access to North Africa and the Red Sea -- two very important trade routes to the Far East. European explorers during the Age of Exploration had many different motives for their voyages.
Ten days later they reached the , where Magellan was killed in a local quarrel. The advance in ships was what led to this being possible. The Age was caused by advances in technology and motivated by the desire for glory, religious factors, and, most importantly, economic factors. Henry the Navigator The Age of Exploration began in the nation of Portugal under the leadership of Henry the Navigator. The European colonists who came to the Americas introduced a host of new things to the Natives: new animals like horses , firearms, and cultural practices. Xavier traveled all over the Far East converting thousands.
The next took up the search for the passage. In three voyages between 1534 and 1542, French explorer Jacques Cartier traveled the St. When Cook sailed back to England by Batavia and the Cape, the coastline of the fifth continent was almost complete; only in the south did it still remain unknown. The Spanish monarchy was stronger than ever before and in a position to support foreign ventures; it could bear the costs and dangers of exploration. Religious Spread in Africa Throughout the Age of Exploration, Christianity spread to Africa as well. As European powers conquered the territories of the New World, they justified wars against Native Americans and the destruction of their cultures as a fulfillment of the European secular and religious vision of the New World. Around the turn of the seventeenth century, Spanish settlers moved into the Southwest, establishing the colony of Santa Fe in 1610.
Prince Henry of Portugal was influenced by the Muslims and began a navigation school. Inexplicably, after a few years Vineland was abandoned. England established the first permanent colony in North America at Jamestown, Va. Her work has been featured on a variety of websites including: eHow, Answerbag and Opposing Views Cultures. It was upon the success of this first mission which then caused Cook to be selected for later, specific missions.
Trade continued to revolve around the Mediterranean Sea, as it had for hundreds of years. The desire to supplant the trade moguls, especially the Italians, and fear of the Ottoman Empire forced the Atlantic nations to search for a new route to the East. In particular, it spread to Western Africa as a result of the slave trade. In 1562 Jean Ribault headed an expedition that explored the St. He returned to the New World in 1493 and established the settlement of Santo Domingo as a base for further exploration. The merchants would get glory from finding and trading for these items because they would be new and unique to their country.
Whatever Columbus thought, it was clear to others that there was much to be investigated, and probably much to be gained, by exploration westward. The survivors, in two ships, sailed on to the Moluccas; thus, sailing westward, they arrived at last in territory already known to the Portuguese sailing eastward. Despite its failures, France continued to be a major player in North America. The Australian resolved the problem by an imaginative journey made in 1829—30. Those who benefited most were merchants who sat astride the great overland trade routes, especially the merchants of the Italian city-states of Genoa, Venice, and Florence. In Mexico, the native population plummeted from 25 million in 1519 to 2 million by 1600. French colonization of the New World involved the spreading of both Protestantism and Catholicism.
It was Matthew Flinders who suggested that the fifth continent should be named Australia—a name that had long associations with the South Seas and that accorded well with the names of the other continents. Some Europeans heard of the discovery of new lands and they wanted glory and wealth, but some also went just for the spirit of adventure! Fair winds favoured him, the sea was calm, and, on October 12, landfall was made on the Bahama island of Guanahaní, which he renamed also called Watling Island, though and other islands have been identified as Guanahaní. They went further south than any previous European expedition and mapped much of western Africa for the Portuguese. The Age of Exploration took place at the same time as the Renaissance. This spread population throughout the world.